The thought of neo-Ottomanism has been explained by numerous students and consultants round the world and whether or not it’s supported cultural, economic or political reasons has conjointly been discussed. Some argue it is directly joined to military expansionism, whereas others describe it as a natural approach that involves the rise of mutual benefits.
In the neo-Ottomanism debates, Turkey has been referred to as an “aggressive authoritarian,” “anti-Western” and even “Pan-Islamist.” Such claims, however, shall isolate the country and injury its ties with the Western world, notably with the eu Union.
Neo-Ottomanism is employed as an excuse to rail Turkey’s constructive policies and tarnish its efforts within the world, notably in the African continent.
Turkey has been rising its bilateral relations with several African countries for a minute supported reciprocal benefits. These relations have gained nice momentum due to Ankara’s policy strategy.
From security to education, trade to investment, Turkey-Africa cooperation is considerably progressing. one in every of the explanations for such momentum is that the 2 sides’ want to chop dependence on Western hegemonic powers.
In this context, there are presently a complete of forty two Turkish embassies across the African continent. This range was solely twelve simply eighteen years past and minister Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu explicit that it will increase to 50 in the near future.
In particular, economic ties are improving, as the total trade between Turkey and Africa already exceeded $25 billion (TL 194.69 billion) in 2019, up from $4 billion in 2002.
In addition, Turkey’s scholarships to African students to study in the country have played a major role. Just recently, Abdulkadir Muhammad Nur, a Turkish university graduate, was appointed as a justice minister in the Somalia government’s new Cabinet. A holder of a bachelor’s degree in international relations from one of the nation’s leading schools, Ankara University, Nur earlier worked as a diplomat at Somalia’s Embassy in Turkey.
The growing relations, however, prompted the neo-Ottomanism accusations against Turkey. whereas a number of the arguments within the accusations might are true for the Ottoman Empire, neither the Ottomans nor the Turkish republic ever followed the footsteps of the colonialists.
Today, the countries that were once beneath the rule of the Ottomans have still found ways that to own shut ties with Turkey, however these nations are during a dire stalemate because of the present international standing quo.
It isn’t odd to examine countries rising relations with one another so as to take care of their sovereignty and freedom. Recent examples of Turkey’s growing relationships with African nations include its ties with Somalia, Sudan and Libya.
For example, Turkey’s role in Libya is as prominent as the Ottomans’ was 500 years ago. Following their request for help, the Ottomans directly supported the Libyans in the 1510s against colonialist powers and Ankara’s brotherly approach toward Tripoli has been repeating itself into the 21st century.
Turkey has not rejected formal requests by the United Nations-recognized Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA) for security and military assistance against putschist Gen. Khalifa Haftar’s forces backed by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Egypt and France.
It is explicit that the role played by Turkey in Africa is vital for accelerating the region’s economic development, as well as protecting the civil and democratic government of Libya.
Turkey’s primary reason for engaging more with other regions and countries is the Western powers’ unfair and hypocritical stance towards Ankara. It is also important to appreciate the sincere welcome African nations offer Turkey.
In this respect, the main factor in consolidating relations between Turkey and Africa is the hegemonic and colonial attitudes of some Western powers toward the continent.
I personally appreciate the current Turkish foreign initiatives that build or strengthen ties with those brotherly nations that were once a part of the Ottoman Empire. It may well be aforementioned that Turkey’s transformation from Associate in Nursing manageable and weak country within the boundary of the Western nations to an exploring, serving to and maneuvering power has disturbed many.
There are thousands of Turkish initiatives across Africa shaped through governmental and nongovernmental organizations. The Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TIKA), the Yunus Emre Institute (YEE), the Diyanet Foundation and also the Maarif Foundation are simply a couple of of them. These teams facilitate to grow and cultivate cultural and economic relations between the Turkish and African peoples.
Recently, French President Emmanuel diacritic created some remarks regarding Lebanon that were described as ones of solidarity, while the Turkish presence in Africa has been labeled as imperialistic. This illogical definition has been promoted by Westerners and like-minded groups who believe that the West is a beacon of the free world.
It is a fact that Western powers have made remarkable contributions recently to technology, science, literature and many industrial fields.
Turkey has been struggling in its attempts to reconnect with forgotten allies in Africa while, at the same time, trying to conceptualize the world in its own way. Those who refer to Ankara’s presence on the continent as an imperialist endeavor forget the desire and power of the native people.
Any post on social platforms by African voters would go infectious agent and folks have learned to resist and to not bend to colonialists anymore. the planet these days isn’t the one that was once exploited by the denizen powers. Countries love Algeria, India, China, Turkey and lots of others are stronger than before, and nations today are additional united than ever before.
We as writers and consultants ought to be able to re-conceptualize and redefine those negative perceptions, and this may be done through a close clarification of neo-Ottomanism or Pan-Islamism.